Spongiotic dermatitis, or acute eczema is a type of dermatitis that affects mostly the chest and the abdomen areas. This dermatitis can appear early in childhood and you can find it in babies as diaper rash, with more incidence in men than in women.
Like other types of dermatitis, spongiotic dermatitis causes itching and redness on the skin. The exact cause is not determined, but there is strong evidence that it is related to allergic reactions – it can be food, insect bites, drugs and skin irritants.
Signs of Spongiotic Dermatitis
The signs of this condition are evident on the abdominal area, the chest and the bottom. It appears as redness on the skin that itches. As the condition worsens, this redness changes color and it gets darker and darker (it can even be almost black!). It is important that you treat spongiotic dermatitis as soon as possible to prevent complications – you’ll notice in these cases that the rash areas get crusty and can present oozing as well.
As I mentioned before, the cause of this rash is not yet known, but since it seems to be triggered by external factors, it would be a good idea to keep a list of the things you usually come in contact with.
If you present the spongiotic dermatitis signs and symptoms, you should go to a doctor to get a proper diagnose. The doctor will most likely test you through a biopsy and a will need information on your medical history and your family’s history as well to discard any genetic predisposition.
The treatment usually include lotions and topical creams, depending on the severity of the symptoms. The usual way to attack this, is using topical corticosteroids. You may also need vitamin A supplements for about a month, or even stronger medicine if your condition is severe.